Dental implants are successful, predictable, and long-term solution in replacement of missing tooth/teeth.
It mainly consists of 2 parts implant which is a surgical component which interfaces with the bone of the jaw and a prosthetic component which is a porcelain crown/bridge/full denture.
Modern dental implants are made of biocompatible material which, fuses to bone by a biologic process called osseointegration, after insertion in the jaw bone. Dental Implants are made of materials such as titanium which forms an intimate bond to bone. A variable amount of healing time is required (usually 4 to 6 months) for osseointegration before the dental prosthetic (a tooth, bridge or denture) is attached to the implant.
Success or failure of implants depends on quite a few factors including and not limited to the list below.
- The General and Oral health of the person receiving the treatment.
- The medication a person is taking which might affect the chances of osseointegration.
- The health of the tissues in the mouth.
- The amount of stress that will be put on the implant and fixture during normal function.
- The Planning the position, type and number of implants is key to the long-term health of the replacement since biomechanical forces created during chewing can be significant.
- The prerequisites for long-term success of Osseo integrated dental implants are healthy bone and gingiva. Both can atrophy after tooth extraction, other pre-prosthetic procedures such as sinus lifts or gingival grafts are sometimes required to recreate ideal bone and gingiva.
The final replacement of missing teeth can be either fixed, where a person cannot remove the denture or teeth from their mouth, or removable, where they can remove the prosthetic. Where the prosthetic is fixed, the crown, bridge or denture is fixed to the abutment either with lag screws or with dental cement. If the replacement is removable, a corresponding adapter is placed in the prosthetic so that the two pieces can be secured together.
The risks and complications
As in any other medical treatment, there are risks and complications associated with Implant therapy as well. They are broadly categorised as
- Risks that occur during surgery-such as excessive bleeding or nerve injury.
- Complications that occur in the first six months-such as infection and failure to osseointegrate.
- Complications that occur long-term-such as peri-implantitis and mechanical failures.
In the presence of healthy tissues in the mouth, a well-integrated implant with appropriate biomechanical loads can have 5-year plus survival rates from 93 to 98 percent and 10 to 15-year lifespans for the prosthetic teeth. Long-term studies show a 16- to 20-year success (implants surviving without complications or revisions) between 52% and 76%.
The success and survival rate for a dental Implant is very high that’s what makes Implants a treatment of choice in replacement of missing teeth.
Contact Our Practice
Our team can clarify you all restorative options to assist you determining if dental implants are the best option for your needs. Please call or contact us (07) 5370 2090 or online to schedule an appointment with Dr. Ana and Dr. Shree and learn more.